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Table 1 Direct, indirect, and total costs

From: Economic burden of osteoporotic fractures in Austria

   Costs (in € Mio) Propotion
Direct costs Inpatient 182.5 26.6%
  Outpatient 39.7 5.8%
  Pharmacotherapy 17.7 2.6%
  Other medical and non-medical services 67.6 9.9%
  Nursing care 67.0 9.8%
  Special aids and equipment (e.g. crutches, wheel-chairs etc.) 4.4 0.6%
Indirect costs Costs of absenteeism 40.1 5.8%
  - foregone wages −13.3 −1.9%
  - loss of added value (e.g. profit, social insurance contributions etc.) −26.7 −3.9%
  Early retirement 19.3 2.8%
  Family care 207.3 30.2%
TOTAL   685.6 100%