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Table 1 Univariate investigation of antenatal care use in Ghana

From: Wealth and antenatal care use: implications for maternal health care utilisation in Ghana

Variables No ANC (%) 1-3 visits (%) At least 4 visits (%) Chi- square test
Educational level of the mother     82.7***
No Education 5.5 22.8 71.7  
Primary Education 5,0 20.0 75.0  
Secondary Education 1.9 10.2 88.0  
Higher Education 0.0 0.0 100  
Wealth Quintiles     145.8***
Lowest 6.2 25.8 68.0  
2nd 5.6 20.4 74.0  
3rd 3.0 17.7 79.3  
4th 1.3 6.5 92.2  
Wealthiest 0.4 3.3 96.3  
Residence     
Urban 1.3 8.2 90.5 89.8***
Rural 5.3 21.6 73.1  
Health Insurance     
No 5.3 21.5 73.2 68.2***
Yes 1.8 10.4 87.8  
Employment status     
Not Employed 1.5 17.2 81.3 4.61
Employed 4.2 16.8 79  
Region     
Western Region 5.4 20.3 74.3 85.1***
Central Region 3.9 19.2 76.9  
Greater Accra Region 2.4 4.4 93.1  
Eastern Region 3.3 22.8 73.9  
Ashanti Region 1.9 12.7 85.4  
Brong Ahafo Region 2.9 16.9 80.2  
Northern Region 4.9 27.5 67.5  
Upper East Region 4 13.6 82.5  
Upper West Region 2.9 11.9 85.2  
Age of woman     
19 years and below 1.9 24.5 73.6 6.06
Between 20 and 35 years 3.8 16.6 79.7  
35 years and above 4.4 16.1 79.5  
Number of Children     
1 child 1.5 15.0 83.5 27.2 ***
2 -4 children 3.6 15.3 81.0  
5 or more children 6.1 21.0 72.9  
  1. *** indicates there exists significant differences within that predictor in the use of ANC.