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Table 3 Estimation results from IV OLS and IV Probit model

From: Who gets a mammogram amongst European women aged 50-69 years?

  (IV-OLS) Mammogram   (IV-Probit Model) Mammogram  
Second Stage Regression     
Physician Quality Index 0.108*** (0.039) 0.115*** (0.042)
Life Expectancy 0.256* (0.131) 0.361* (0.203)
55 < = Age < 60 (d) 0.012 (0.015) 0.015 (0.018)
60 < = Age < 65 (d) -0.001 (0.012) -0.003 (0.015)
65 < = Age < 70 (d) -0.091*** (0.031) -0.094*** (0.036)
Self Assessed Health 0.000 (0.009) 0.004 (0.012)
Number of ADL -0.025** (0.011) -0.025** (0.012)
Heart Attack (d) -0.012 (0.019) -0.009 (0.023)
Stroke (d) -0.083** (0.033) -0.098** (0.041)
Diabetes (d) -0.048*** (0.018) -0.051** (0.022)
Lung Disease (d) 0.022 (0.027) 0.025 (0.031)
ISCED Low (d) -0.054*** (0.020) -0.061*** (0.021)
Verbal Fluency 0.002* (0.001) 0.002 (0.001)
Recall Delayed 0.000 (0.004) -0.001 (0.004)
Has Partner (d) 0.046*** (0.014) 0.052*** (0.017)
Children in Household -0.007 (0.012) -0.008 (0.014)
Doctor visits = 10 (d) 0.040** (0.016) 0.045** (0.018)
Regularly Drugs (d) 0.057*** (0.010) 0.065*** (0.011)
Hospital Stays = 2 (d) 0.022 (0.048) 0.020 (0.055)
Year and Country Dummies     
Year 2006 0.003 (0.009) 0.003 (0.013)
Austria (d) 0.493*** (0.016) 0.326*** (0.006)
Germany (d) 0.263*** (0.011) 0.220*** (0.007)
Sweden (d) 0.644*** (0.011) 0.368*** (0.003)
Netherlands (d) 0.649*** (0.010) 0.379*** (0.002)
Spain (d) 0.466*** (0.019) 0.309*** (0.008)
Italy (d) 0.453*** (0.017) 0.313*** (0.008)
France (d) 0.622*** (0.013) 0.365*** (0.003)
Greece (d) 0.236*** (0.024) 0.200*** (0.016)
Switzerland (d) 0.277*** (0.011) 0.221*** (0.007)
Belgium (d) 0.554*** (0.016) 0.356*** (0.006)
Czech (d) 0.387*** (0.036) 0.287*** (0.022)
Poland (d) 0.263*** (0.031) 0.223*** (0.022)
Ireland (d) 0.296*** (0.023) 0.231*** (0.014)
Observations 6,893   6,893  
F-Stat. instruments first stage 14.54    
Overid. Statistics2 27.15 (p = 0.101)    
  1. Marginal effects; Standard errors in parentheses
  2. (d) for discrete change of dummy variable from 0 to 1
  3. * p < 0.10, ** p < 0.05, *** p < 0.01; 2p-values in parenthesis