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Table 1 Characteristics of stable and unstable patients

From: The costs of schizophrenia and predictors of hospitalisation from the statutory health insurance perspective

  Stable patients* (n = 8497) Unstable patients** (n = 1449)
Age (years), mean (SD) 49 (13.3) 42 (13.0)
Female, n (%) 4118 (48.8) 692 (47.8)
Patients with depot neuroleptics, n (%) 1127 (13.3) 187 (12.9)
Continuously drug treated patients, n (%) 4651 (54.7) 505 (34.9)
Mean number of doctor visits, (SD) 36 (27.7) 29 (31.5)
Number of patients with rehabilitation paid by statutory health insurance, n (%) 22 (0.3) 14 (1.0)
Number of patients with an inability to work episode of more than six weeks, n (%) 289 (3.4) 74 (5.1)
Number of patients with hospital treatment in 2004, n (%) 822 (9.7) 271 (18.7)
Number of patients with co-morbid substance abuse, n (%) 1167 (13.7) 269 (18.6)
  1. * Stable patients were defined as those persons, who did not have to be treated in a hospital in both 2005 as well as in 2006 due to a diagnosis of schizophrenia (ICD F20).
  2. ** Patients were defined as unstable if they were hospitalised because of a diagnosis of schizophrenia in 2006.