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Table 2 Mean costs of stable and unstable patients in the year 2006 in €

From: The costs of schizophrenia and predictors of hospitalisation from the statutory health insurance perspective

  Stable patients* (n=8497) Unstable patients** (n=1449)
  Mean Standard deviation 95%-confidence-interval Mean Standard deviation 95%-confidence-interval
Schizophrenia specific costs
Medication 1124 1394 (1095,1154) 1292 1415 (1219,1365)
Outpatient
services 327 407 (318,336) 346 433 (323,368)
Remedies 20 194 (16,24) 16 149 (8,23)
Sick leave
payments 116 1561 (83,149) 331 2020 (227,435)
Hospitalisation 0 0 (0,0) 10816 10000 (10301,11332)
Rehabilitation 2 91 (0,4) 55 1178 (−5,116)
Other services 16 275 (10,22) 8 147 (1,16)
Total costs 1605 2266 (1557,1653) 12864 10614 (12317,13411)
Overall costs
Medications 1554 1940 (1513,1596) 1552 1756 (1462,1643)
Outpatient
services 726 710 (711,741) 769 1145 (710,828)
Remedies 80 403 (72,89) 48 233 (36,60)
Sick leave       
payments 275 2347 (225,325) 751 3242 (584,918)
Hospitalisations 1233 4567 (1136,1330) 13423 11489 (12831,14016)
Rehabilitation 38 624 (24,51) 120 1446 (45,194)
Other services 123 841 (105,141) 161 977 (111,212)
Total costs 4029 6199 (3898,4161) 16824 12653 (16172,17476)
  1. * Stable patients were defined as those persons, who did not have to be treated in a hospital in both 2005 as well as in 2006 due to a diagnosis of schizophrenia (ICD F20).
  2. ** Patients were defined as unstable if they were hospitalised because of a diagnosis of schizophrenia in 2006.