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Table 3 Results of the logistic regression model for predictors of hospitalisation

From: The costs of schizophrenia and predictors of hospitalisation from the statutory health insurance perspective

Variable Regression Coefficient(Log Odds Ratio) Standard Error Odds Ratio 95%-Odds Ratio Confidence-Interval p-value
Age −0.038 0.003 0.962 (0.958,0.967) <0.001
Gender      
  Male      
  Female 0.179 0.062 1.196 1.058-1.351 0.004
Drug groups      
  No relevant outpatient drug prescriptions      
  Atypical antipsychotics (non-switcher) −1.362 0.088 0.256 (0.216,0.305) <0.001
  Atypical antipsychotics (switcher) −0.645 0.126 0.524 0.409-0.672 <0.001
  Atypical antipsychotics with adjuvant therapy −0.839 0.126 0.432 0.337-0.553 <0.001
  Typical antipsychotics (non-Switcher) −1.366 0.125 0.255 0.200-0.326 <0.001
  Typical antipsychotics (switcher) −0.762 0.175 0.467 0.331-0.657 <0.001
  Typical and atypical antipsychotics −0.376 0.136 0.686 0.526-0.896 0.006
Depot neuroleptics 0.198 0.105 1.219 0.993-1.497 0.058
Continuously drug treatment −0.657 0.073 0.519 0.450-0.598 <0.001
Number of doctor visits −0.008 0.001 0.992 0.990-0.995 <0.001
Rehabilitation 0.734 0.372 2.084 1.006-4.318 0.048
Inability to work episode of more than six weeks 0.200 0.146 1.221 0.917-1.627 0.172
Hospital treatment in 2004 0.739 0.084 2.093 1.777-2.466 <0.001
Co-morbid substance abuse (ICD F10-F19) 0.278 0.081 1.320 1.125-1.548 0.001