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Table 1 Costs included in cost of illness (COI) studies using different perspectives a

From: Cost of illness studies on reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health: a systematic literature review

Perspective Medical cost Cost of lost productivity (due to morbidity and mortality) Non-medical cost (time cost, informal care, transportation) Transfer payment
Societal All All All Administration cost and excess burden of taxes
Health care system All
Participants and their families Out of pocket costs Lost wages or household production Out of pocket costs Amount received
Third party payer Covered cost Covered cost Amount paid by others + administration cost
  1. Adapted from Gold et al. [14] and Segel JE [16]. aThis is a general categorization and may not apply to all cases.