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Table 9 Robustness checks

From: Does overcrowding and health insurance type impact patient outcomes in emergency departments?

  IV Probit IV Probit
  Average Dr. & Outcome Excludes
  Overcrowing as IV Death
Time before Dr. 0.023871 ** 0.023329 **
  0.008173 0.008810
Private Ins. -0.015177 *** -0.015115 ***
  0.002195 0.002223
Medicare -0.008323 ** -0.008313 **
  0.002714 0.002686
No Insurance 0.004580 * 0.004542 *
  0.002738 0.002734
Black 0.008966 * 0.008954 *
  0.005044 0.005024
Hispanic -0.005652 -0.005597
  0.003863 0.003854
White 0.001371 0.001380
  0.004047 0.004027
Male 0.010783 *** 0.010714 ***
  0.002178 0.002217
Primary Dr. -0.003364 * -0.003335 *
  0.001950 0.001947
Age -0.000014 -0.000016
  0.000056 0.000057
High Acuity -0.001582 -0.001541
  0.001784 0.001781
Wald χ 2 214.47 212.98
  1. *, ** and *** indicate a 1%, 5% and 10% significance level. Standard errors are robust. The complete sample for reported regressions has 31,359 patients.