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Table 1 Basic demographic and risk characteristics of participants (N=721)

From: Would you test for 5000 Shillings? HIV risk and willingness to accept HIV testing in Tanzania

   Females   Males  
   Community Barworkers   Community Porters  
Variable Value Mean (sd) or N (%) Mean (sd) or %   Mean (sd) or % Mean (sd) or %  
Age Years 29.8 (7.7) 27.7 (5.4) a 26.6 (7.5) 29.5 (6.9) b
Education Primary education or less 193 (67.2 %) 86 (63.7 %)   43 (37.4 %) 105 (57.1 %) b
  Secondary education 94 (32.8 %) 49 (36.3 %)   72 (62.6 %) 79 (42.9 %)  
Symptoms of HIV, past 3 months No symptoms 155 (54.0 %) 48 (35.6 %) b 72 (62.6 %) 108 (58.7 %)  
  Any symptoms 132 (46.0 %) 87 (64.4 %)   43 (37.4 %) 76 (41.3 %)  
# of lifetime sexual partners 1-2 189 (65.9 %) 8 (5.9 %) b 49 (42.6 %) 24 (13.0 %) b
  3-4 80 (27.9 %) 32 (23.7 %)   39 (33.9 %) 49 (26.6 %)  
  5+ 18 (6.3 %) 95 (70.4 %)   27 (23.5 %) 111 (60.3 %)  
Commercial sex Never 155 (54.0 %) 9 (6.7 %) b 60 (52.2 %) 22 (12.0 %) b
  Ever 132 (46.0 %) 126 (93.3 %)   55 (47.8 %) 162 (88.0 %)  
Previously tested for HIV Never 24 (8.4 %) 17 (12.6 %)   39 (33.9 %) 56 (30.4 %)  
  At least once 263 (91.6 %) 118 (87.4 %)   76 (66.1 %) 128 (69.6 %)  
Marital status Not married 94 (32.8 %) 95 (70.4 %) b 82 (71.3 %) 92 (50.0 %) b
  Married 193 (67.2 %) 40 (29.6 %)   33 (28.7 %) 92 (50.0 %)  
Partner has tested for HIV Partner has not tested 119 (41.5 %) 77 (57.0 %) a 51 (44.3 %) 91 (49.5 %)  
  Partner has tested 168 (58.5 %) 58 (43.0 %)   64 (55.7 %) 93 (50.5 %)  
Perceived accuracy of the HIV test Mostly accurate or inaccurate 81 (28.2 %) 40 (29.6 %)   42 (36.5 %) 55 (29.9 %)  
  Completely accurate 206 (71.8 %) 95 (70.4 %)   73 (63.5 %) 129 (70.1 %)  
N   287   135    115   184   
  1. The significance of differences between high-risk populations and the respective general community samples was assessed using Student’s t-test, chi-squared test, or Fisher’s exact test, as appropriate
  2. a, and b indicate statistical significance at the 0.01, and 0.001 levels, respectively