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Table 2 Determinants of the decision to seek care when ill, Mozambique 2009

From: Health service availability and health seeking behaviour in resource poor settings: evidence from Mozambique

  Probit IV-Probit
   2nd stage 1st stage
Supply-side characteristics
 Percentage of HCs and DHs among HFs in locality 0.042 0.033 −0.118
  (0.038) (0.040) (0.077)
 HF staff and equipment index (locality average) 0.043 0.122  
  (0.029) (0.083)  
 HF availability of housing (locality average)    0.098***
    (0.023)
 HF time distance: < 1 hour 0.184*** 0.182*** 0.016
  (0.026) (0.026) (0.019)
 HF time distance: 1–2 hour 0.053 0.050 0.034
  (0.033) (0.034) (0.028)
Demand-side characteristics
 Woman 0.011 0.011 0.000
  (0.014) (0.014) (0.005)
 Age −0.005*** −0.005*** 0.000
  (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
 Age squared 0.000*** 0.000*** 0.000
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
 Higher level education attained in household 0.012*** 0.012*** 0.005*
  (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
 Employed in permanent work 0.061*** 0.063*** −0.015
  (0.020) (0.020) (0.013)
 Employed in housekeeping work −0.046** −0.046*** 0.002
  (0.020) (0.019) (0.009)
 Log household consumption per-capita 0.032*** 0.031*** 0.014*
  (0.010) (0.010) (0.008)
 Number of household members per room −0.014** −0.014** −0.001
  (0.006) (0.006) (0.004)
 Latrine in the house 0.029* 0.030* −0.007
  (0.017) (0.017) (0.014)
 Transport reaching the community 0.069*** 0.068*** 0.016
  (0.025) (0.025) (0.018)
 Urban −0.052** −0.060** 0.138***
  (0.025) (0.025) (0.039)
Constant Yes Yes Yes
Province dummies Yes Yes Yes
Month dummies Yes Yes Yes
Observations 6,026 6,026
Pseudo R-Squared 0.090   
Log pseudolikelihood −3676.406 −2916.161
Rho    −0.054
 Standard error    (0.056)
Wald test of exogeneity(a)    0.333
p-value    0.397
F-test first stage(a)    18.697***
  1. Average marginal effects reported
  2. 1st and 2nd Stage refer respectively to the reduced-form and structural equations
  3. Standard errors corrected for intra-cluster correlation at locality level in parentheses
  4. (a)Adjusted for clusters (N = 452)
  5. HC health Centre, DH district Hospital
  6. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1