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Table 4 Summary of robustness checks results for health care availability: average marginal effects associated with the percentage of clinics among HF in a locality or district, Mozambique 2009

From: Health service availability and health seeking behaviour in resource poor settings: evidence from Mozambique

  Whole sample Hhold lives within 1 hour from HF Hhold lives more than 1 hour from HF
  Probit Probit Probit
Main model
 Percentage of HC and DH among HFs (in locality) 0.042 0.025 0.077
  (0.038) (0.050) (0.063)
 Percentage of HC and DH among HFs (in district) 0.57* 0.137 0.272
  (0.085) (0.092) (0.222)
Excluding provincial capitals
 Percentage of HC and DH among HFs (in locality) 0.037 0.011 0.077
  (0.042) (0.060) (0.063)
 Percentage of HC and DH among HFs (in district) 0.236* 0.243* 0.272
  (0.121) (0.142) (0.221)
Village cluster SE
 Percentage of HC and DH among HFs (in locality) 0.042 0.025 0.077
  (0.038) (0.050) (0.056)
 Percentage of HC and DH among HFs (in district) 0.157* 0.137 0.272
  (0.092) (0.098) (0.209)
District cluster SE
 Percentage of HC and DH among HFs (in locality) 0.042 0.025 0.077
  (0.038) (0.055) (0.061)
 Percentage of HC and DH among HFs (in district) 0.157** 0.137 0.272*
  (0.081) (0.100) (0.150)
  1. Average marginal effects reported
  2. Standard errors corrected for intra-cluster correlation at locality level in parentheses when not differently specified
  3. Constant, HFs Staff and Equipment, Demand-side characteristics, Province and month controls included
  4. HC health Centre, DH district Hospital
  5. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1