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Table 5 Biprobit regressions for various indicators of maternal care and for oop expenditure

From: Extending health insurance in Ghana: effects of the National Health Insurance Scheme on maternity care

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
Antenatal check up dF/dx dF/dx dF/dx dF/dx dF/dx
NHIS Enrollment 0.136a
(0.075)
0.173b
(0.060)
0.175b
(0.060)
0.166b
(0.063)
0.168b
(0.063)
Institutional birth      
NHIS Enrollment 0.304b
(0.701)
0.333b
(0.040)
0.333b
(0.039)
0.324b
(0.050)
0.323b
(0.050)
Delivery assisted by a trained person      
NHIS Enrollment 0.295b
(0.061)
0.324b
(0.035)
0.326b
(0.034)
0.318b
(0.042)
0.319b
(0.041)
Out-of-pocket expenditure      
NHIS Enrollment 0.128
(0.144)
0.128
(0.146)
0.122
(0.148)
0.128
(0.145)
0.123
(0.148)
  1. Note: Marginal Effects Reported. Sample weights are applied
  2. The exclusion restrictions in the first step are: (1) frequency of watching television; (2) frequency of watching television and frequency of listening to the radio; (3) frequency of watching television, frequency of listening to the radio and frequency of reading newspapers or magazines; (4) a score obtained from a principal component analysis considering the frequency of watching television and listening to the radio; (5) a score obtained from a principal component analysis considering the variables watching television, listening to the radio and reading newspaper and magazine. Statistical significance: a1 %, b5 %