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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Does performance-based financing increase value for money in low- and middle- income countries? A systematic review

  Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Language English, French Other languages
Publication type All documents presenting empirical data (e.g., peer-reviewed articles) Protocols, editorials, guidelines and interviews
Study type Experimental or observational studies including a quantitative assessment of 1) costs and effects, or 2) costs alone Qualitative studies or studies that only examine effects
Economic evaluation type Comparative evaluations: full economic evaluations and partial economic evaluations Non-comparative evaluations
Targeted entity Healthcare providers Solely patients
Country LMICs HICs