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Table 5 Characteristics of excluded studies

From: Does performance-based financing increase value for money in low- and middle- income countries? A systematic review

# Authors (year) Reason for exclusiona
1 Agee & Gates (2012) Not focused on LMIC
2 Allen, Nobel & Burton (2012) Not focused on LMIC
3 Awoonor-Williams (2013) Main focus not on PBF intervention
4 Baral (2012) Not an economic evaluation
5 Bernstein (2014) Not an empirical study
6 Blecker (2014) Not focused on LMIC
7 Blumenthal, Song, Jena & Ferris (2013) Not focused on LMIC
8 Broughton et al. (2013) Main focus not on PBF intervention
9 Chee (2003) Main focus not on PBF intervention
10 Cheng, Lee & Chen (2012) Not focused on LMIC
11 Eichler et al. (2013) Not an empirical study
12 Falisse, Meessen, Ndayishimiye & Brossuyt (2012) Not an economic evaluation
13 Gerber-Grote & Windeler (2014) Main focus not on PBF intervention
14 Ginsburg (2013) Not focused on LMIC
15 Greene, Hibbard & Overton (2014) Not focused on LMIC
16 Higgs,Stammer, Roth & Balster (2013) Not an empirical study
17 Himmelstein, Ariely & Woolhandler (2014) Not focused on LMIC
18 Holcombe (2014) Not focused on LMIC
19 Hupp (2014) Not focused on LMIC
20 Ireland, Paul & Dujardin (2011) Not an empirical study
21 Jeong (2012) Not an economic evaluation
22 Johnson & Higgins (2014) Not an empirical study
23 Karash (2013) Not an empirical study
24 Lee, Cheng, Chen & Lai (2010) Not focused on LMIC
25 Lorincz, Lawson & Long (2013) Not focused on LMIC
26 Maynard (2011) Not focused on LMIC
27 McMahon & Chopra (2012) Not focused on LMIC
28 Moore & DeBuono (2013) Not focused on LMIC
29 Peabody et al. (2010) Main focus not on PBF intervention
30 Rajkumar, Conway & Tavenner (2014) Not focused on LMIC
31 Ran, Luo, Wu, Yao & Feng (2013) Not an economic evaluation
32 Robeznieks (2012) Not an economic evaluation
33 Rosenau, Lal & Lako (2012) Not focused on LMIC
34 Ryan (2013) Not focused on LMIC
35 Saronga et al. (2014) Main focus not on PBF intervention
36 Swensen, Dilling, Mc Carty, Bolton & Harper (2013) Not focused on LMIC
37 Tan, Pwu, Chen & Yang (2014) Not focused on LMIC
38 Tummers, Schrijvers & Visser-Meily (2013) Not focused on LMIC
39 VanLare, Blum & Conway (2012) Not focused on LMIC
40 Wilson (2013) Not focused on LMIC
41 Wranik (2012) Not focused on LMIC
42 Yip et al. (2014) Not an economic evaluation
43 Zeng, Rwiyereka, Amico, Avila-Figueroa & Shepard (2014) Not an economic evaluation
  1. a Articles that were excluded often did not meet more than one inclusion criteria. However, only one reason for exclusion is mentioned in the table above