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Table 8 Regressions of health care of children

From: The impact of health insurance programs for children: evidence from Vietnam

Explanatory variables Panel data VHLSSs 2006–2008 Panel data VHLSSs 2010–2012
Poisson regression: Number of health visits OLS: Having out-of-pocket expenditure on health care OLS: Log of out-of-pocket expenditure per health care visit Poisson regression: Number of health visits OLS: Having out-of-pocket expenditure on health care OLS: Log of out-of-pocket expenditure per health care visit
Student health insurance 0.0982 0.0150 −0.2119** 0.1013 0.0222 0.0609
  (0.0950) (0.0160) (0.1008) (0.1247) (0.0220) (0.1202)
Free health insurance 0.3608*** 0.0491** −0.5050*** 0.1437 0.0299 0.0212
  (0.1169) (0.0217) (0.1243) (0.1378) (0.0246) (0.1440)
Enrolment in school −0.1301 0.0037 −0.0778 −0.3683** −0.0335 0.1840
  (0.1518) (0.0242) (0.2003) (0.1842) (0.0306) (0.1839)
Log of per capita income 0.2186*** 0.0622*** 0.1773*** 0.0842 0.0538*** 0.3878***
  (0.0524) (0.0117) (0.0643) (0.0614) (0.0127) (0.0762)
Household size −0.1585*** −0.0194*** −0.0098 −0.1322*** −0.0319*** −0.0129
  (0.0260) (0.0044) (0.0280) (0.0319) (0.0051) (0.0331)
Proportion of children 0.0783 0.1296*** 0.1677 0.5256** −0.0290 0.2029
  (0.2461) (0.0434) (0.2932) (0.2648) (0.0498) (0.3386)
Proportion of elderly 0.1184 0.0358 −0.5145 0.5754 0.0128 0.1305
  (0.3008) (0.0676) (0.3766) (0.3584) (0.0759) (0.4110)
Number of doctors per 1000 people −0.5454* −0.0780 0.1115 −1.3702*** −0.2046*** 1.5473***
(0.3140) (0.0580) (0.3025) (0.3341) (0.0639) (0.4143)
Number of hospital per 1000 people −0.3128** −0.0716*** 0.9451 0.1576 0.0346 −0.4301***
(0.1284) (0.0164) (1.2841) (0.0962) (0.0214) (0.1280)
Dummy year (2008 or 2012) −0.6285*** −0.0654*** 0.4575*** −0.3741*** −0.0769*** −0.1087
  (0.0782) (0.0146) (0.0867) (0.0830) (0.0167) (0.0954)
Constant −0.5512 −0.1144 2.2843*** 0.3076 0.0346 0.4203
  (0.5732) (0.1163) (0.6500) (0.6882) (0.1312) (0.8111)
Observations 5,013 5,013 1,279 4,110 4,110 1,094
R-squared   0.027 0.052   0.028 0.057
  1. Note: Dummy years: for regressions using the 2006 and 2008 VHLSS, the dummy year is equal 1 for 2008 and 0 for 2006. For regressions using the 2010 and 2012 VHLSS, the dummy year is equal 1 for 2012 and 0 for 2010
  2. Robust standard errors in parentheses
  3. Source: Estimates from VHLSSs 2006, 2008, 2010 and 2012
  4. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1