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Table 1 Characteristics of health staff (n = 324)

From: Frontline staff motivation levels and health care quality in rural and urban primary health facilities: a baseline study in the Greater Accra and Western regions of Ghana

  Rural Urban Total  
Variables Freq. (%b) Freq. (%) Freq. (%) p-value
Gender     0.354
 Male 64 (20) 43 (13) 107 (33)  
 Female 118 (36) 99 (31) 217 (67)  
Age     0.204
  ≤ 40 years 118 (36) 73 (23) 191 (59)  
 41–60 years 44 (14) 49 (15) 93 (29)  
  ≥ 61 years 20 (6) 20 (6) 40 (12)  
Education     0.284
 Secondary 67 (20) 45 (14) 112 (34)  
 Tertiary 85 (26) 63 (20) 148 (46)  
 Missing system    64 (20)  
Professional category     0.745
 Clinical staff 151 (47) 121 (37) 272 (84)  
 Non-clinical staff 31 (10) 21 (6) 52 (16)  
Range of monthly salarya     0.135
  < US$ 265 94 (29) 86 (27) 180 (56)  
 US$ 265–688 81 (25) 47 (14) 128 (39)  
  > US$ 688 3 (1) 0 (0) 3 (1)  
 Missing system    13 (4)  
Marital status     0.046*
 Married 67 (21) 73 (22) 140 (43)  
 Not married 115 (35) 69 (21) 184 (57)  
Religion     0.209
 Christian 175 (54) 136 (42) 311 (96)  
 Non-Christian 6 (2) 7 (2) 13 (4)  
  1. Source: WOTRO- COHEiSION Project Clinic Staff Survey (March-June, 2012)
  2. *Pearson Chi-square test statistically significant at 0.05 level of significance
  3. aGHC (Ghana Cedis) 2.1 is equivalent to US$ 1.0 (XE.com/currency converter, 13/08/2013)
  4. bAll percentages have been rounded to the nearest decimal point