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Table 3 Rural–urban differences in staff motivation levels

From: Frontline staff motivation levels and health care quality in rural and urban primary health facilities: a baseline study in the Greater Accra and Western regions of Ghana

  Rural Urban Total p-value
Proxies for staff motivation Freq. (%a) Freq. (%) Freq. (%)  
Physical work environment (n = 318)     0.2033
 Disappointing 25(8 %) 11(3 %) 36(11 %)  
 Satisfactory 154(49 %) 128(40 %) 282(89 %)  
Availability of resources and drugs (n = 321)     0.0015*
 Disappointing 66(21 %) 24(7 %) 90(28 %)  
 Satisfactory 113(35 %) 118(37 %) 231(72 %)  
Financial and extrinsic incentives (n = 312)     0.6216
 Disappointing 131(42 %) 103(33 %) 234(75 %)  
 Satisfactory 43(14 %) 35(11 %) 78(25 %)  
Job prospects and career development (n = 308)     0.1811
 Disappointing 65(21 %) 58(19 %) 123(40 %)  
 Satisfactory 110(36 %) 75(24 %) 185(60 %)  
  1. Source: WOTRO- COHEiSION Project Clinic Staff Survey (March-June, 2012)
  2. *Wilkoxon Mann–Whitney rank sum test statistically significant at 0.05 level of significance
  3. aAll percentages have been rounded up to the nearest decimal point