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Table 4 Situational analysis of rural and urban health facilities (n = 64)

From: Frontline staff motivation levels and health care quality in rural and urban primary health facilities: a baseline study in the Greater Accra and Western regions of Ghana

  Rural(n = 36) Urban(n = 28)  
Factors Mean(SDb) Mean(SD) p-value
Input indicators
 Staff strength per clinic 25(19) 24(25) 0.8670
 Number of beds per clinic 11(10) 9(11) 0.4132
Process indicators
 Percentage of staff trained in health and safety in the last 12 months 39 % (48 %) 41 % (47 %) 0.8792
 Number of orientation sessions by facility in the last 12 months 59(36) 49(43) 0.3067
Outputs indicators
 Number of deliveries in a month 17(18) 7(13) 0.0112*
 Number of antenatal care (ANC) visits in a month 121(158) 77(125) 0.2269
 Number of family planning (FP) services in a month 58(90) 59(152) 0.9619
 Number of male condoms distributed in a month 96(193) 45(142) 0.2515
 Number of preventive health services and screenings in a montha 52(19) 22(8) 0.1768
 Number of chronic healthcare services in a month 125(171) 204(299) 0.1911
 Number of HIV/AIDS preventive services in a month 181(214) 59(90) 0.0067*
  1. Source: WOTRO- COHEiSION Project Clinic Staff Survey Data (March-June, 2012)
  2. *Statistically significant at 0.05 level of significance using the independent t-test of two-tailed hypothesis
  3. aThese services include: Tuberculosis (TB), diabetes and cholesterol
  4. bSD: Standard deviation