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Table 2 Regression Results

From: Revisiting the child health-wealth nexus

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Variable OLS Expen. 2SLS Expen. 2SLS Expen. with Comm. Variables OLS WI 2SLS WI 2SLS WI with Comm. Variables
Per Capita Consumption Expenditure (in hundreds) 0.0175*** 0.0440** 0.0410**    
(0.00426) (0.0173) (0.0171)    
Wealth Index     0.858*** 3.000*** 2.940***
    (0.166) (0.927) (0.998)
Child Age in Months −0.00259*** −0.00322*** −0.00326*** −0.00240*** −0.00296*** −0.00297***
(0.000509) (0.000676) (0.000702) (0.000502) (0.000592) (0.000625)
Sex of Child (1 = female) 0.0248 0.0164 0.0212 0.0411 0.0581 0.0591
(0.0496) (0.0484) (0.0502) (0.0479) (0.0501) (0.0524)
Child in School (1 = yes) 0.00603 0.00596 0.00854** 0.00683** 0.00751** 0.00916***
(0.00367) (0.00367) (0.00383) (0.00345) (0.00306) (0.00343)
Mother’s Education = Primary 0.0964 0.0804 0.0663 0.0942 0.0484 0.0239
(0.0678) (0.0680) (0.0729) (0.0671) (0.0778) (0.0862)
Mother’s Education = Secondary 0.132* 0.110 0.0880 0.103 −0.0124 −0.0134
(0.0672) (0.0668) (0.0736) (0.0630) (0.0814) (0.0886)
Mother’s Education = Higher 0.422*** 0.339** 0.296* 0.457*** 0.311** 0.297*
(0.139) (0.147) (0.156) (0.127) (0.145) (0.157)
Father’s Education = Primary 0.110 0.102 0.0924 0.0904 0.0305 0.0390
(0.0664) (0.0648) (0.0669) (0.0653) (0.0721) (0.0740)
Father’s Education = Secondary 0.106* 0.0851 0.0776 0.0913 0.00313 −0.00127
(0.0554) (0.0551) (0.0561) (0.0568) (0.0689) (0.0698)
Father’s Education = Higher 0.128* 0.0624 0.0492 0.0745 −0.155 −0.164
(0.0739) (0.0776) (0.0786) (0.0783) (0.119) (0.122)
Mother’s Height (in centimetres) 0.00191*** 0.00188*** 0.00194*** 0.00193*** 0.00205*** 0.00212***
(0.000428) (0.000431) (0.000451) (0.000431) (0.000439) (0.000441)
Number of Adults 0.00565 0.00860 0.0160* 0.00169 −0.00385 −0.000914
(0.00957) (0.00970) (0.00935) (0.00901) (0.00994) (0.0101)
Monthly Expenditure on Entertainment 0.000424* 9.72e-05 0.000133 0.000381** −0.000293 −0.000106
(0.000221) (0.000312) (0.000307) (0.000175) (0.000407) (0.000308)
Anyone smoke in Household (1 = yes) −0.159*** −0.163*** −0.137*** −0.123*** −0.0374 −0.0255
(0.0430) (0.0417) (0.0428) (0.0427) (0.0531) (0.0554)
Shock in the Last Three Years (1 = yes) −0.147*** −0.159*** −0.162*** −0.101** −0.0514 −0.0622
(0.0510) (0.0517) (0.0535) (0.0486) (0.0546) (0.0558)
Residence (1 = rural) −0.112** −0.113** −0.00769 −0.0640 0.166 0.0902
(0.0495) (0.0484) (0.0941) (0.0614) (0.129) (0.152)
Muslim 0.0863 0.124 0.104 0.0414 0.0673 0.0863
(0.0800) (0.0858) (0.0916) (0.0854) (0.0864) (0.0848)
Other Religions −0.0548 −0.0443 −0.0569 −0.0183 0.00734 0.0300
(0.167) (0.169) (0.163) (0.162) (0.188) (0.177)
Scheduled Castes 0.262*** 0.251*** 0.287*** 0.201** 0.0528 0.0916
(0.0981) (0.0960) (0.104) (0.0910) (0.108) (0.117)
Backward Class 0.244*** 0.199** 0.260*** 0.177** −0.0678 −0.00747
(0.0806) (0.0850) (0.0908) (0.0759) (0.133) (0.146)
Other Castes 0.383*** 0.310*** 0.360*** 0.301*** 0.0103 0.0562
(0.0959) (0.105) (0.111) (0.0895) (0.155) (0.171)
Rayalaseema −0.215*** −0.259*** −0.222*** −0.167** −0.136* −0.0857
(0.0712) (0.0774) (0.0838) (0.0725) (0.0785) (0.0780)
Telangana −0.235*** −0.314*** −0.268*** −0.174*** −0.162** −0.0933
(0.0661) (0.0764) (0.0883) (0.0644) (0.0648) (0.0620)
Public Hospital Available (1 = yes)    0.0566    −0.0504
   (0.120)    (0.126)
Private Hospital Available (1 = yes)    0.172    0.154*
   (0.105)    (0.0929)
Public Health Centre Available (1 = yes)    −0.0731    −0.0120
   (0.0680)    (0.0800)
Private Health Centre Available (1 = yes)    −0.0478    −0.140
   (0.104)    (0.0986)
Community Education    0.0379**    0.0435**
   (0.0180)    (0.0192)
Community Entertainment Expenditure    −0.00176    −0.00406**
   (0.00136)    (0.00166)
Mean Adults in Community    −0.0994**    −0.0755*
   (0.0422)    (0.0390)
Constant −1.662*** −1.694*** −1.604*** −2.036*** −3.204*** −2.743***
(0.152) (0.149) (0.265) (0.217) (0.539) (0.584)
Endogeneity test (\( p \)-value) - 0.0499 0.0590 - 0.0374 0.0584
Overidentification test (\( p \)-value) - 0.4851 0.3368 - 0.3904 0.3742
Weak identification test (Cragg-Donald Wald \( F \)-stat) - 66.182 65.326 - 31.830 28.812
Underidentification test (\( p \)-value) - 0.000 0.000 - 0.000 0.000
Observations 2,589 2,589 2,465 2,676 2,676 2,540
  1. *** p<0.01, ** p<0.05, * p<0.1