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Table 3 Factors associated with community groups’ perception of healthcare quality (n = 52)

From: Design and implementation of community engagement interventions towards healthcare quality improvement in Ghana: a methodological approach

Independent variables Univariate Multivariate
Coef. (95 % CI) Coef. (95 % CI)
Model 1: Group type
 Religious 1.0 1.0   
 Traders −0.91 (−2.31 0.50)   
 Widows −0.59 (−3.47 2.30)   
 CVG 2.03 (−0.66 4.72)   
 Music/singers −0.11 (−2.22 2.00)   
 Artisans 1.78* (−0.16 3.72)   
 Youth associations −0.73 (−2.00 0.55)   
 LR chi2(6) 9.27    
 Prob > chi2 0.1591    
 Pseudo R2 0.0267    
Model 2: Gender distribution
 Equal gender distribution 1.0 1.0   
 All male groups 1.86 (−0.77 4.49)   
 All female groups 0.92 (−1.41 3.25)   
 Male dominated groups 0.61 (−1.53 2.75)   
 Female dominated groups 0.16 (−3.29 3.62)   
 LR chi2(6) 2.83    
 Prob > chi2 0.5872    
 Pseudo R2 0.0082    
Model 3: Literacy/education
 Literates/illiterates 1.0 1.0   
 Mainly literates −0.46 (−1.97 1.06)   
 Mainly illiterates 0.192 (−1.07 1.46)   
 LR chi2(6) 1.10    
 Prob > chi2 0.5777    
 Pseudo R2 0.0032    
Model 4: Group meetings dynamics
 Active membership    0.01 (−0.02 0.05)
 Engagement duration    0.02 (−0.02 0.06)
 Average time per discussant    −0.30 (−0.93 0.34)
Age distribution
 Youthful (18–30 years)    Ref Ref
 Elderly (31+ years)    0.98* (−0.10 2.06)
Geographic location
 Urban    Ref Ref
 Rural    0.07 (−1.04 1.17)
 LR chi2(6)    7.19  
 Prob > chi2    0.2071  
 Pseudo R2    0.0207  
  1. Source: WOTRO-COHEiSION Ghana Project (2013–2014); Ordered logistic regression test statistically significant (*p < 0.05). Model fit statistics: Model 1 Log Likelihood = −168.76315; Model 2 Log Likelihood = −171.98312; Model 3 Log Likelihood = −172.8477; Model 4 Log Likelihood = −169.80268