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Table 3 Descriptive statistics: control variables

From: On the interdependence of ambulatory and hospital care in the German health system

  Mean Std. Dev. Min Max
Health status     
Male life expectancy 77,077 1,460 72,200 81,100
Female life expectancy 82,103 1,020 77,900 84,900
RSA Risk Factor 1,009 0,071 0,847 1,204
Structural variables     
Proportion of population     
with SHI in %) 87,694 5,079 65,522 97,895
Long-term care recipients     
(per 10.000 population) 278,140 60,120 145,000 512,000
Unemployment rate in % 9,203 4,464 2,300 24,200
Net monthly household income 1.500,098 201,088 1.090,000 2.585,000
Number of large regional centres 0,401 0,564 0,000 4,000
Number of medium regional centres 2,219 2,149 0,000 11,000
Highly qualified workers in % 4,168 3,294 0,600 29,700
Low-skilled workers in % 14,400 4,825 6,400 39,500
Single-person households in % 36,290 4,379 20,400 55,800
Immigrants in % 7,152 4,536 0,700 25,200
Pollutants     
Particulate matter (PM 10) 19,737 6,112 0,000 31,000