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Table 5 Decomposition of inequality in health care and pharmaceutical usage ranked by education

From: Socioeconomic inequality of diabetes patients’ health care utilization in Denmark

Ranked by education SECONDARY CARE PRIMARY CARE PHARMACEUTICALS
INPATIENT OUTPATIENT
Care long stays Rehabilitation Care Rehabilitation General pracitice Specialist
Number of observations 318,684   318,684   318,684   209,530   8,089   318,684   318,684   318,684  
Mean 20998.880 *** 719.892 *** 236.974 *** 16830.080 *** 3959.272 *** 3069.761 *** 2108.322 *** 7488.065 ***
C (observed) −0.044 *** −0.047 *** −0.064 *** 0.006 * 0.027 *** −0.045 *** 0.015 *** −0.036 ***
C (predicted) −0.043 *** −0.048 *** −0.062 *** 0.005 * 0.028 *** −0.045 *** 0.017 *** −0.036 ***
C (unexplained) 0.000   0.002   −0.002   0.001   0.000   0.000   −0.002 *** 0.000  
Determinants (reference group) C   C   C   C   C   C   C   C  
SES
Income 0.06   −1.33   0.28   11.18   0.48   0.48 * 9.62   −0.95  
Educational level (high education)
 Primary education 43.98 *** 37.37   7.60   363.57   65.54 * 61.19 *** 199.47 *** 7.99  
 Medium education −11.41 *** −14.11   2.60   −34.53   −15.47   −15.48 *** −1.73   5.62 **
Age and gender (Males0-14) (Females0-14)
 M15-29 −2.24 *** −3.86 ** 0.50 ** 34.68   2.29   0.19 *** 1.74 *** −0.70 ***
 M30-44 5.87 *** 7.41 * −1.23 ** −74.69   −4.28   −1.85 *** −3.02 *** 2.08 ***
 M45-59 15.98 *** 21.08 ** −6.01 *** −167.99   −13.05   −8.69 *** −2.67   9.86 ***
 M60-74 20.02 *** 29.27 ** −9.48 *** −241.32   −18.19   −14.92 *** 5.54 * 15.95 ***
 M75+ −0.31   −0.37   0.22   −3.22   −4.34   0.27   −0.11   −0.26  
 F15-29 −1.81 *** −2.51 * 0.43 ** 18.00   1.86   1.22 *** −1.10 *** −1.10 ***
 F30-44 5.09 *** 6.66 * −1.68 *** −54.11   −4.28   −3.16 *** 4.38 *** 3.81 ***
 F45-59 17.68 *** 20.85 ** −6.55 *** −180.17   −21.80   −11.47 *** 17.85 *** 10.23 ***
 F60-74 24.17 *** 30.07 ** −10.89 *** −278.22   −40.58 * −15.70 *** 21.88 *** 13.36 ***
 F75+ −0.38   −0.45   0.23   −3.60   −5.08   0.24   −0.15   −0.21  
Labour market affiliation (in job)
 Not in job (maternity leave, job seeker allowance) −0.64 *** −1.04 * −0.51 *** 3.47   1.08   −0.52 *** 1.12 *** −0.06  
 Not in job (unemployment benefit) 0.92 *** 0.35   0.33 *** −3.96   −0.84   0.74 *** −1.78 *** 0.36 ***
 Education, training −0.98 ** −2.83 ** 0.52 ** −7.67   1.50   −0.48 *** 1.52 ** 0.68 *
 Early retired 20.88 *** 25.70 *** 8.21 *** −242.75   1.00   10.30 *** −54.05 *** 37.18 ***
 Retired 26.66 *** 29.38 ** 13.32 *** −254.03   −12.14   13.41 *** −53.57 *** 21.77 ***
 Child 3.72 *** 9.54 * −2.23 *** 16.49   −3.98   −0.78 *** −7.75 *** 2.78 ***
Marital status (married)
 Unmarried −0.22   1.04   0.13   2.24   0.02   −0.19 *** 1.21 *** 0.42 ***
 widowed/longest living partner 0.96   6.21 ** 3.29 *** 48.90   6.44   −0.19   13.59 *** 0.90 ***
 Divorced/cancelled partnership 0.90 *** 1.96 ** 0.99 *** 6.64   0.00   0.00   2.07 *** 0.96 ***
Ethnicity (Ethic Dane)
 Immigrant 6.77 *** 7.63 ** 4.67 *** −42.78   4.97   −0.78 *** −14.18 *** 10.31 ***
 Descendant 0.10   0.30 * 0.08 * −0.61   0.31   0.00   −0.26 ** 0.15 ***
Region of residence (Capital Region of Denmark)
 Region Zealand 0.54 *** −2.35 * −0.04   6.83   2.77   0.34 *** 5.76 *** −0.15 *
 Region of Southern Denmark −2.47 *** −7.99 ** 7.77 *** −21.85   47.04 * 2.08 *** 19.42 *** −0.77 ***
 Central Denmark Region −0.93 *** −4.68 ** 3.46 *** 13.59   −19.07   1.70 *** 8.27 *** −0.37 ***
 North Denmark Region −2.22 *** −3.80 ** 4.00 *** 39.02   6.71   2.99 *** 19.12 *** 0.16  
Degree of urbanity of residence (cities)
 Suburbs −0.36 * 0.74   0.04   2.65   −1.93   0.52 *** 2.19 *** 0.44 ***
 Country side −2.21 ** −0.19   −3.92 *** 69.52   −22.51 * 4.21 *** 16.68 *** 0.75  
Morbidity indicators
 Incident in 2011 0.25 *** 0.04   0.25 *** 3.22   1.63   1.19 *** −5.53 *** 1.20 ***
 Complication group CG1 (CG0) * 0.13   0.15   0.07   8.98   1.05   0.02   −0.09   0.18  
 Complication group CG2 (CG0)* 29.52 *** 29.86 *** 20.87 *** −217.68   −5.92   3.12 *** −19.41 *** 14.79 ***
 Death in 2011 8.81 *** 15.21 ** 4.37 *** −28.03   −0.08   −0.41 *** 2.94 *** −0.78 ***
  1. *CG0 = no complications, CG1 = minor complications, CG2 = severe complications