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Table 3 Percentage of households incurring catastrophic health spending on institutional delivery and all three maternal care by source of provider and selected characteristics during pre NHM (2004) and post NHM (2014) periods in India

From: Out-of-pocket expenditure and catastrophic health spending on maternal care in public and private health centres in India: a comparative study of pre and post national health mission period

Background characteristics CHS on institutional delivery CHS on all three maternal care
Public Private All All three care from public health centers only All three care from private health centers only
2004 2014 2004 2014 2004 2014 2004 2014 2004 2014
Age
  < 30 54.5 20.1 55.2 41.7 54.8 25.7 52.9 30.6 54.7 59.2
 30–59 51.5 21.1 53.7 32.3 52.5 25.1 57.6 29.1 61.4 45.3
 60+ 45.4 19 45 33.6 45.3 25.1 56.8 28.3 45.4 43.2
Residence
 Rural 55.3 21.1 61.8 37.2 58.5 25.7 58.9 30.4 68.9 51.5
 Urban 43.1 18 38.3 29.6 40.2 23.9 50.3 24.8 40.6 41.8
Education Level
 No Education 65.1 23.9 68.1 42.6 66.4 28.8 69 33.8 73.6 56.1
 Primary 49.7 21.6 58.9 38.5 53.9 26.9 55.9 31.7 67.6 48.7
 Secondary 31.8 18.1 36 33.2 34.4 23.8 48 24.7 32.6 48.8
 High School+ 25.5 8.9 32.8 20.6 30.6 15.5 15.8 16.4 38.8 34.6
Caste
 Scheduled Tribe 59.7 29.7 65.4 23.7 61.4 28.6 51.8 37.5 65.3 28.9
 Scheduled Caste 59.4 22.2 63.8 48.4 61.1 28.3 59.1 33.3 68.4 56.8
 Other Backward Caste 50.9 19.5 59.8 34.5 55.8 25.2 56.8 27.2 67.6 49.4
 Others 42.5 15 38 29.5 39.9 21.6 51.8 24.1 38.9 43.2
Religion
 Hindu 52.1 20.5 51.7 34.8 51.9 25.4 55 29.8 55.6 48.3
 Muslim 53.4 20.6 66.8 34.1 60.5 25.2 66.8 27.8 66.8 44.6
 Others 37.4 20.4 28.8 26.3 32.6 23.1 52.7 26.8 33.3 39.1
Household Type
 Labourer 48.4 26 54.3 48.8 51.7 30.7 56.4 38.7 69.6 57.9
 Others 51.9 18.4 51.5 32 51.7 20.6 55.2 25.7 52.4 46
MPCE Quintile
 Poorest 79.8 62.8 99 90.4 87.6 67.9 76.8 74.6 100 95.8
 Poorer 79.3 7.4 95 57.3 87.3 22.3 80.4 23.5 99.4 68.4
 Middle 68.3 2.3 87 29.4 75.8 11.2 69.5 6.3 95.5 51.8
 Richer 31.6 0.9 48.2 19.2 40.1 8.6 40.7 3.2 61.2 37.8
 Richest 8 0.9 19 8 15.6 5.1 17.8 0.4 25.3 20.7
State
 Non EAG 47.9 16.6 48.5 31.7 48.3 23.3 52.3 24.9 53.9 45.1
 EAG 60.9 23.5 60.1 39 60.4 27.3 68.9 32.7 60.1 51.9
Total/India 51.4 20.5 52.1 34.2 51.7 25.2 56.2 29.4 55.6 47.2
Number of households 1835 8792 1866 5559 3701 14,351 1038 5263 910 4179
  1. There were 38 households in 2014 and 8 households in 2004 where some women availed services in public and others in private health centres