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Table 5 Out-of-pocket expenditure (in US$ at 2014 prices) on institutional delivery and maternal care (pre-natal, natal and postnatal) by public and private health centres and selected characteristics during pre NHM (2004) and post NHM (2014) periods in India

From: Out-of-pocket expenditure and catastrophic health spending on maternal care in public and private health centres in India: a comparative study of pre and post national health mission period

Background OOPE on institutional delivery OOPE on all three maternal care services
Public Private All All three care from public only All three care from private only Switch from public to private and vice versa
2004 2014 2004 2014 2004 2014 2004 2014 2004 2014 2004 2014
Age
  < 25 39 47 166 279 57 128 51 88 271 443 194 207
 25+ 45 46 175 319 56 146 70 84 248 507 195 248
Residence
 Rural 44 44 155 274 44 113 60 84 230 451 201 214
 Urban 36 54 191 340 100 206 58 95 294 513 183 264
Education
 No Education 36 33 104 229 27 75 49 65 156 370 137 153
 Primary 44 42 172 233 75 90 66 79 271 391 193 184
 Secondary 47 53 277 278 214 131 52 101 340 431 409 227
 High School+ 57 70 236 371 203 263 111 109 316 570 405 324
Caste
 Scheduled Tribe 28 37 130 193 24 65 53 67 145 300 255 191
 Scheduled Caste 33 41 137 299 37 106 45 78 245 467 144 196
 OBC 42 44 155 297 55 143 63 82 269 473 162 231
 Others 53 61 201 322 87 181 72 116 266 515 254 248
Religion
 Hindu 41 44 168 302 56 136 55 83 259 479 198 227
 Muslim 32 56 167 268 49 131 52 97 263 438 144 213
 Others 68 57 195 381 97 181 142 94 266 590 265 271
Household Type
 Labourer 32 41 129 256 36 90 49 77 223 418 159 199
 Other 47 49 182 309 67 155 66 90 268 488 207 237
MPCE Quintile
 Poorest 30 36 88 246 24 75 34 70 116 406 99 176
 Poorer 36 41 123 253 34 94 56 78 168 384 165 195
 Middle 44 51 118 253 45 123 60 99 214 393 144 216
 Richer 41 54 195 282 82 159 62 102 302 445 167 241
 Richest 75 77 234 405 167 295 122 107 321 625 362 370
State
 Non EAG 35 52 179 324 76 179 48 90 281 497 186 233
 EAG 59 42 149 256 39 96 89 83 205 432 215 216
India 42 46 170 300 56 138 60 86 260 478 194 226
Number of women 1874 8931 1923 5656 3797 14,587 1059 5513 944 4054 811 2428