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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the study variables, n = 230

From: Out-of-pocket expenditure on maternity care for hospital births in Uttar Pradesh, India

Variable Categories Mean/ Proportion Standard Error
Age (in years)   26.04 0.2400
Education level of women Up to high school 0.4696 0.0330
Intermediate 0.1304 0.0223
Under graduation and above 0.4000 0.0324
Religion Hindu 0.8304 0.0248
Muslim 0.1696 0.0248
Social group SC/ST 0.1739 0.0250
OBC 0.3652 0.0318
General 0.4609 0.0329
Per capita annual income (Rs.)   2108.92 149.23
Place of residence Urban 0.5913 0.0325
Rural 0.4087 0.0325
Social networks Yes 0.1000 0.0198
No 0.9000 0.0198
Mass media exposure No 0.1739 0.0250
Yes 0.8261 0.0250
Number of previous pregnancies   1.0800 0.0600
Last pregnancy registered with ANM Yes 0.3826 0.0321
No 0.6174 0.0321
Number of ANC visits   5.15 0.2000
Quality of ANCs Low 0.1609 0.0243
Medium 0.1348 0.0226
High 0.7043 0.0302
Place of ANCs Government hospital 0.6565 0.0314
Private hospital 0.3435 0.0314
Distance to ANC hospital   11.80 1.15
Who has taken decision on institutional delivery Self/Family planned 0.5652 0.0328
Doctor advised/ rushed to hospital due to EmOC 0.4348 0.0328
Type of delivery Normal 0.4087 0.0325
Caesarean/forceps 0.5913 0.0325
Type of hospital for delivery Government hospital 0.4870 0.0330
Government aided hospital 0.2652 0.0292
Private hospital 0.2478 0.0285
Received JSY Yes 0.313 0.0306
No 0.687 0.0306
JSY amount a   Rs. 1040.00 24.00
  1. Note: a Estimate based on the sample who received the JSY by the date of survey