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Table 6 Mean expenditure (US$) and percentage share of maternal health care spending in couple’s annual income

From: Out-of-pocket expenditure on maternity care for hospital births in Uttar Pradesh, India

Variable Categories Mean expenditure (US$) Mean percentage share into couple annual income
ANCs Delivery TME ANCs Delivery TME
Age (in years) Less than 25 38.83(7.01) 86.51(11.73) 125.34(14.97) 3.29(0.57) 8.44(1.34) 11.72(1.62)
25–29 47.82(6.95) 91.2(13.84) 139.02(18.24) 5.14(1.25) 7.99(1.45) 13.14(2.37)
30 and above 105.33(24.91) 140.52(23.71) 245.87(43.49) 5.19(1.26) 9.95(2.53) 15.14(3.51)
Education level of women Up to high school 30.1(5.3) 73.24(9.57) 103.35(12.18) 3.03(0.65) 7.3(1.06) 10.33(1.38)
Intermediate 51.78(15.79) 68.66(14.5) 120.45(23.97) 3.93(1.03) 7.01(2.15) 10.94(2.88)
Under graduation and above 87.35(13.37) 139.52(17.72) 226.88(27.11) 6.36(1.35) 10.48(1.86) 16.84(2.87)
Religion Hindu 53.9(7.29) 99.85(10.12) 153.77(15.13) 4.34(0.72) 8.44(1.02) 12.77(1.49)
Muslim 65.24(13.5) 95.72(16.5) 160.98(24.09) 5.2(1.43) 9.03(2.4) 14.22(3.62)
Social group SC/ST 25.48(8.32) 80.41(16.96) 105.89(20.5) 3.08(1.45) 8.83(1.84) 11.9(2.62)
OBC 40.75(7.17) 91.35(13.98) 132.11(18.69) 4.87(1.32) 10.14(1.89) 15.01(2.74)
General 79.23(12.06) 112.41(14.29) 191.65(22.81) 4.7(0.75) 7.15(1.2) 11.85(1.82)
Per capita annual income Below $390 54.26(13.76) 86.27(20.94) 140.53(28.66) 16.83(5.03) 24.64(5.61) 41.47(8.63)
$390.1 to $976 39.08(8.73) 92.04(16.5) 131.13(22.96) 5.95(1.35) 13.83(2.54) 19.78(3.52)
$976.1 and above 61.58(8.81) 103.23(11.44) 164.82(17.35) 2.34(0.29) 4.63(0.53) 6.97(0.68)
Place of residence Urban 71.9(10.01) 107.72(12.99) 179.63(19.99) 5.4(0.99) 8.34(1.3) 13.74(2.01)
Rural 32.58(5.6) 86.75(10.68) 119.34(13.66) 3.15(0.62) 8.82(1.33) 11.97(1.72)
Social networks Yes 63.16(19.95) 124.76(34.17) 187.93(52.55) 3.46(1.81) 5.51(2.15) 8.97(3.95)
No 55.01(6.84) 96.31(9.08) 151.33(13.47) 4.59(0.68) 8.87(1.02) 13.47(1.47)
Mass media exposure No 16.68(4.14) 77.68(14.51) 94.36(16.82) 2.82(0.81) 10.6(2.75) 13.42(3.24)
Yes 64.07(7.65) 103.67(10.25) 167.75(15.43) 4.83(0.76) 8.1(0.98) 12.93(1.53)
Number of previous pregnancies 0 73.08(12.94) 128.7(18.58) 201.79(26.52) 5.28(0.99) 9.83(1.83) 15.11(2.6)
1 55.26(11.71) 96.86(16.47) 152.13(25.34) 3.63(0.83) 7.73(1.6) 11.36(2.16)
2 and above 42.4(9.2) 77.12(11.24) 119.52(17.26) 4.46(1.28) 8.08(1.48) 12.54(2.33)
Last pregnancy registered with ANM Yes 58.07(9.48) 95.68(14.74) 153.76(21.28) 5.35(1.08) 8.53(1.51) 13.87(2.41)
No 54.44(8.69) 101.31(11.08) 155.75(16.87) 3.95(0.79) 8.54(1.2) 12.49(1.67)
Number of ANCs Less than 3 39.15(15.8) 119.49(25.06) 2.27(0.65) 10.08(1.84)
3 to 8 57.26(7.92) 157.71(16.39) 5.25(0.91) 14.3(1.9)
9 and above 71.3(15.3) 189.51(39.22) 3.74(0.86) 10.76(2.81)
Quality of ANCs Low 25.12(7.2)   110.03(23.35) 2.65(0.94) 9.71(2.18)
Medium 23.77(6.04) 102.16(25.04) 1.83(0.4) 8.92(2.39)
High 68.97(8.76) 175.37(17.1) 5.41(0.87) 14.56(1.83)
Place of ANCs Government hospital 33.64(6.35)   100.96(12.9) 2.99(0.5) 9.69(1.27)
Private hospital 98.3(13.41) 253.25(26.19) 7.45(1.58) 19.36(3.14)
Distance to ANC hospital Less than 3kms 46.84(11.37) 139.31(31.67) 5.99(2.75) 15.31(4.27)
3to 5kms 55.07(11.36) 143.17(24.21) 5.21(1.48) 14.15(3.21)
6 and above 67.89(11.89) 172.67(21.75) 3.99(0.63) 11.55(1.61)
Who has taken decision on institutional delivery Self/family planned 90.26(10.9) 137.01(14.16) 8.69(1.35) 12.93(1.95)
Doctor advised/ Rushed to hospital due to EmOC 144.59(23.51) 178.36(24.01) 8.33(1.26) 13.13(1.93)
Type of delivery Normal 76.76(11.45) 115.09(14.47) 6.32(1.09) 9.1(1.44)
Caesarean/forceps 115.48(12.62) 183.44(19.77) 10.14(1.4) 15.76(2.1)
Type of hospital for delivery Government hospital 41.76(6.02) 75.36(10.93) 4.76(1.02) 8.02(1.53)
Government aided hospital 82.21(12.79) 109.6(14.53) 9.95(1.72) 14.46(2.77)
Private hospital 230.07(23.13) 360.02(33.95) 14.44(2.45) 21.29(3.38)
Received JSY Yes 59.67(10.42) 95.05(14.18) 7.53(1.62) 12.56(2.67)
No 117.15(11.71) 182.3(17.69) 9(1.15) 13.22(1.61)