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Table 3 Generalised Estimating Equation model of likelihood of having catastrophic healthcare expenditure

From: Out-of-pocket healthcare expenditure in Australia: trends, inequalities and the impact on household living standards in a high-income country with a universal health care system

Parameter Odds Ratio 95% Confidence Limits p-value
Age (years) 1.04 1.04 1.04 <.0001
Income decile 1 15.63 10.88 22.43 <.0001
Income decile 2 7.43 5.74 9.61 <.0001
Income decile 3 6.12 4.90 7.65 <.0001
Income decile 4 4.43 3.71 5.28 <.0001
Income decile 5 4.81 3.98 5.82 <.0001
Income decile 6 2.38 2.18 2.59 <.0001
Income decile 7 2.58 2.33 2.85 <.0001
Income decile 8 1.79 1.71 1.87 0.0001
Income decile 9 1.67 1.62 1.72 0.0013
Income decile 10 REFERENCE
Very poor self assessed health 1.24 1.23 1.26 0.1221
Poor self assessed health 1.35 1.34 1.37 0.0064
Fair self assessed health 1.25 1.25 1.26 0.0319
Good self assessed health 1.02 1.00 1.04 0.8705
Excellent self assessed health REFERENCE
2006 0.75 0.73 0.78 <.0001
2007 0.80 0.78 0.83 0.0062
2008 0.91 0.89 0.93 0.2041
2009 0.88 0.87 0.90 0.051
2010 0.88 0.87 0.89 0.0299
2011 0.96 0.95 0.97 0.4938
2012 1.01 1.00 1.01 0.8708
2013 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.9945
2014 REFERENCE