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Table 1 Direct healthcare expenses mean (standard deviation) and median (interquartile range) in US$ by type of service at the national level and type of facility in Burkina Faso in 2016

From: Out-of-pocket payments in the context of a free maternal health care policy in Burkina Faso: a national cross-sectional survey

  National Health center Medical center Hospital
Normal delivery
 n 246 209 18 19
 Mean (SD) 6.12 (±2.98) 5.58 (±2.04) 7.74 (±3.84) 10.52 (±5.71)
 Median (IQR) 5.38 (4.35–6.65) 5.09 (4.22–6.31) 6.38 (5.30–8.96) 7.56 (5.70–13.38)
Normal delivery + episiotomy
 n 139 112 16 11
 Mean (SD) 12.04 (±4.68) 11.01 (±3.27) 13.64 (±6.75) 20.28 (±4.99)
 Median (IQR) 10.66 (8.97–14.33) 10.04 (8.80–12.87) 10.85 (9.68–15.85) 19.89 (16.49–21.15)
Dystocia
 n 59 12 3 44
 Mean (SD) 31.61 (±19.77) 12.88 (±5.37) NC 37.26 (±19.45)
 Median (IQR) 24.72 (16.57–46.09) 11.22 (8.99–16.70)   34.36 (21.24–51.99)
Dystocia + episiotomy
 n 47 12 1 34
 Mean (SD) 33.53 (±19.84) 14.63 (±3.77) NC 40.54 (±18.96)
 Median (IQR) 31.04 (17.29–47.54) 13.71 (12.93–17.26)   36.51 (26.40–50.76)
Postpartum hemorrhage
 n 21 1 2 18
 Mean (SD) 56.68 (±41.55) NC NC 63.88 (±40.58)
 Median (IQR) 58.35 (29.56–64.56)    59.66 (39.13–64.71)
Eclampsia
 n 7 NA NA 7
 Mean (SD) 49.33 (±19.87)    49.33 (±19.87)
 Median (IQR) 42.73 (32.48–72.99)    42.73 (32.48–72.99)
Post-abortion care NA NA  
 n 19    19
 Mean (SD) 45.89 (±33.99)    45.89 (±33.99)
 Median (IQR) 32.10 (22.31–54.61)    32.10 (22.31–54.61)
Caesarean section NA NA  
 n 49    49
 Mean (SD) 141.84 (±42.96)    141.84 (±42.96)
 Median (IQR) 136.39 (108.36–161.42)    136.39 (108.36–161.42)
  1. NC= Not calculated (small number of cases), NA = Not applicable (the service is not available at this level of care)
  2. Average exchange rate in 2016: US$1 = XOF592.912968