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Table 3 Proportions of women who paid and who did not pay for services

From: Out-of-pocket payments in the context of a free maternal health care policy in Burkina Faso: a national cross-sectional survey

Characteristics Women who paid Women who did not pay p
n % n %  
Type of facility <  0.001
 Health center 83 24 263 76  
 Medical center 11 27.5 29 72.5  
 Hospital 80 39.8 121 60.2  
Region <  0.001
 Central 25 43.9 32 56.1  
 Central-West 20 55.6 16 44.4  
 Central-South 6 27.3 16 72.7  
 Plateau Central 7 13.5 45 86.5  
 Boucle du Mouhoun 25 29.8 59 70.2  
 Cascades 12 42.9 16 57.1  
 Hauts-Bassins 7 9.1 70 90.9  
 Central-North 9 34.6 17 65.4  
 Central-East 31 58.5 22 41.5  
 Eastern 2 4.9 39 95.1  
 Northern 13 36.1 23 63.9  
 Sahel 2 6.3 30 93.7  
 Southwest 15 34.9 28 65.1  
Type of service <  0.001
 Normal delivery 57 23.2 189 76.8  
 Normal delivery with episiotomy 32 23.0 107 77.0  
 Dystocia 23 39.0 36 61.0  
 Dystocia with episiotomy 15 31.9 32 68.1  
 Postpartum hemorrhage 10 47.6 11 52.4  
 Post-abortion care 2 28.6 5 71.4  
 Eclampsia 7 36.8 12 63.2  
 Caesarean section 28 57.1 21 42.9  
Place of residence <  0.001
 Rural 111 24.9 335 75.1  
 Urban 63 44.7 78 55.3  
Woman’s age (years) 0.009
 14–19 36 22.1 127 77.9  
 20–24 40 26.0 114 74.0  
 25–29 42 34.7 79 65.3  
 30–34 25 32.5 52 67.5  
 35–48 31 43.1 41 56.9  
Woman’s education status <  0.001
 None 95 24.2 298 75.8  
 Primary 41 36.3 72 63.7  
 Secondary or higher 38 46.9 43 53.1  
Parity 0.301
 Nulliparous 57 26.2 161 73.8  
 Multiparous 98 31.1 217 68.9  
 Grand multiparous 19 35.2 35 64.8  
Woman’s profession <  0.001
 Housewife 126 25.4 371 74.6  
 Student 13 43.3 17 56.7  
 Employed/Informal sector 35 58.3 25 41.7  
Provider’s qualification <  0.001
 Doctor 24 52.2 22 47.8  
 Midwife 87 31.3 191 68.7  
 Auxiliary midwife 38 22.4 132 77.6  
 Nurses 16 20.8 61 79.2  
 Surgical assistant 9 56.3 7 43.7