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Table 4 Costs for abortion and PAC

From: Patient and health system costs of managing pregnancy and birth-related complications in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

Authors name Country Data collection year Cost category Base cost (USD) Cost (USD) in 2018
Abortion
Patient perspective
  Akalu et al. (2012) [17] Ethiopia 2007–2008 Direct 13.4a 15.7
  Henshaw et al. (2008) [29] Nigeria 2002–2003 Direct 32.2 43.9
  Ilboudo et al. (2015) [31] Burkina Faso 2012 Direct 56.0b 61.3
Burkina Faso 2012 Direct 37.0c 40.5
  Lince et al. (2015) [39] South Africa 2010 Direct & indirect 21.2 24.5
  Lince et al. (2017) [41, 42] South Africa 2009–2011 Direct & indirect 10.0 11.2
  Moore et al. (2018) [46] Zambia 2014–2015 Direct 62.0 65.7
  Pearson et al. (2011) [52] Ethiopia 2008–2009 Direct 10.0 11.7
  Sundaram et al. (2013) [58] Uganda 2011–2012 Direct 23.0 25.2
Provider perspective
  Le et al. (2015) [37] South Africa 2014 Recurrent & capital 281.2 298.3
  Lince et al. (2017) [41, 42] South Africa 2011–2013 Recurrent & capital 65.4 70.5
  Lince et al. (2018) [40] South Africa 2013–2014 Recurrent & capital 250.3d 265.5
  Parmar D [50] Zambia 2013–2014 Recurrent 38.0e 40.3
Post-abortion care
Patient perspective
  Henshaw et al. (2008) [29] Nigeria 2002–2003 Direct 116.0 158.4
  Ilboudo et al. (2015) [31] Burkina Faso 2012 Direct 33.0b 36.1
Burkina Faso 2012 Direct 19.0c 20.8
  Meda et al. (2019) [44] Burkina Faso 2016 Direct 32.1 33.6
  Moore et al. (2018) [46] Zambia 2014–2015 Direct 81.0 85.8
  Sundaram et al. (2013) [58] Uganda 2011–2012 Direct 26.0 28.4
Provider perspective
  Benson et al. (2015) [20] Malawi 2010 Recurrent 40.0 46.1
  Levin et al. (2000) [38] Uganda 1998 Recurrent 46.5 71.7
Malawi 1998 Recurrent 35.9 55.2
Ghana 1998 Recurrent 65.2 100.4
  MoH –Kenya (2018) [45] Kenya 2016 Recurrent 58.0 60.7
  Parmar et al. (2017) [50] Zambia 2013–2014 Recurrent 52.0 55.2
  Paul et al. (2015) [51] Sierra Leone 2012 Recurrent 68.0 74.4
  Vlassoff et al. (2014) [61] Rwanda 2012 Recurrent & capital 93.0 101.7
  Vlassoff et al. (2012) [60] Uganda 2010 Recurrent & capital 131.2 151.1
  Vlassoff et al. (2009) [64] Ethiopia 2008 Recurrent & capital 100.0 116.6
  1. aaverage of costs in public facilities (USD 16.12) and private USD 10.73
  2. bprocedure for induced abortion
  3. ccost of care for spontaneous abortion
  4. daverage for dilatation & evacuation with misoprostol (88.90 USD), medical induction with mifepristone+misoprostol (298.03 USD) and medical induction with misoprostol only (364.08 USD)
  5. e Costs of unsafe abortion