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Table 5 Costs of other complications

From: Patient and health system costs of managing pregnancy and birth-related complications in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review

Authors name Country Data collection year Cost category Base cost (USD) Cost (USD) in 2018
Eclampsia
Patient perspective
  Borghi et al. (2003) [21] Benin 2000 Direct 119.0 173.5
Ghana 1999–2000 Direct 69.0 100.6
  Dalaba et al. (2015) [25] Ghana 2014 Direct & indirect 58.3 61.9
  Meda et al. (2019) [44] Burkina Faso 2016 Direct 49.3 51.6
  Ntambue et al. (2018) [47] DR Congo 2014 Direct & indirect 206.5b 230.5
  Ravit et al. (2015) [54] Mali 2008–2011 Direct 179.8 200.7
Provider perspective
 Levin et al. (2000) [38] Uganda 1998 Recurrent 121.015 186.4
Malawi 1998 Recurrent 79.62 122.7
Low birth weight babiesa
Patient perspective
  Enweronu et al. (2018) [28] Ghana 2016 Direct & indirect 147.6 154.4
  Sicuri et al. (2011) [57] Mozambique 2007 Direct & indirect 31.5 38.2
  Tongo et al. (2008) [59] Nigeria 2008 Direct 417.3 486.7
Provider perspective
  Sicuri et al. (2011) [57] Mozambique 2007 Recurrent & capital 424.6 514.2
Hemorrhage
Patient perspective
  Borghi et al. (2003) [21] Benin 2000 Direct 104.0 151.7
Ghana 1999–2000 Direct 79.0 115.2
  Dalaba et al. (2015) [25] Ghana 2014 Direct & indirect 6.84 7.3
  Meda et al. (2019) [44] Burkina Faso 2016 Direct 58.35 65.2
  Ntambue et al. (2018) [47] DR Congo 2014 Direct & indirect 187.5b 196.17
  Ravit et al. (2015) [54] Mali 2008–2011 Direct 140.34 156.67
Provider perspective
  Ilboudo et al. (2016) [32] Burkina Faso 2010 Recurrent 26.3 30.3
  Levin et al. (2000) [38] Uganda 1998 Recurrent 82.7 127.4
Malawi 1998 Recurrent 74.3 114.5
Ghana 1998 Recurrent 65.3 100.5
  1. aCosts from delivery to discharge from hospital
  2. bAverage cost for vaginal and c-section