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Table 8 Economic impact (mean total cost): differences across sub-groups of comorbidities

From: Comorbidities and HCV coinfection in the management of HIV+ patients: evidence from the Italian clinical practice

  The entire sample HIV mono-infected patients HIV/HCV co-infected patients
HCV Infection Average Value Standard Error p-value Average Value Standard Error p-value Average Value Standard Error p-value
Absence of HCV infection 10,090.69 € 334.75 € 0.000 Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
Presence of HCV infection 17,074.70 € 1,187.14 € Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable Not Applicable
Cardiovascular disease Average Value Standard Error p-value Average Value Standard Error p-value Average Value Standard Error p-value
Absence of cardiovascular disease 12,070.49 € 792.10 € 0.048 8,717.72 € 442.80 € 0.009 14,377.01 € 1,267.71 € 0.037
Presence of cardiovascular disease 14,404.40 € 871.29 € 10,643.30 € 429.75 € 19,005.54 € 1,813.91 €
Neurocognitive impairment Average Value Standard Error p-value Average Value Standard Error p-value Average Value Standard Error p-value
Absence of neurocognitive impairment 14,518.94 € 800.07 € 0.000 10,425.92 € 395.75 € 0.042 18,884.83 € 1,554.33 € 0.000
Presence of neurocognitive impairment 10,271.29 € 301.04 € 8,709.13 € 497.84 € 11,513.49 € 308.11 €
HBV Infection Average Value Standard Error p-value Average Value Standard Error p-value Average Value Standard Error p-value
Absence of HBV infection 13,164.39 € 643.60 € 0.153 10,121.96 € 376.05 € 0.831 15,960.67 € 1,164.25 € 0.035
Presence of HBV infection 16,571.34 € 2,276.63 € 9,926.26 € 698.56 € 28,944.94 € 5,772.21 €
Bone disease Average Value Standard Error p-value Average Value Standard Error p-value Average Value Standard Error p-value
Absence of bone disease 14,089.24 € 83.74 € 0.043 9,878.89 € 316.44 € 0.028 21,076.62 € 2,064.49 € 0.000
Presence of bone disease 12,143.66 € 469.12 € 12,632.31 € 2,099.83 € 12,058.96 € 417.99 €
Renal Impairment Average Value Standard Error p-value Average Value Standard Error p-value Average Value Standard Error p-value
Absence of renal impairment 13,749.50 € 666.56 € 0.012 10,099.74 € 352.08 € 0.922 17,297.56 € 1,238.65 € 0.384
Presence of renal impairment 10,858.28 € 909.77 € 9,972.35 € 1,025.99 € 12,275.78 € 1,685.48 €
Diabetes Average Value Standard Error p-value Average Value Standard Error p-value Average Value Standard Error p-value
Absence of diabetes 12,859.43 € 577.95 € 0.045 9,884.66 € 340.45 € 0.029 16,137.97 € 1,124.92 € 0.035
Presence of diabetes 19,048.37 € 3,120.83 € 12,670.23 € 1,452.30 € 22,001.21 € 4,472.99 €