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Table 4 Logistic Estimation Results with Competition

From: What drives different treatment choices? Investigation of hospital ownership, system membership and competition

  Va VIb VIIb VIIIc
Not-for-profit −0.249 (0.171) −0.362*** (0.101) −0.339*** (0.093) −0.248** (0.104)
Government −0.226 (0.183) −0.392*** (0.143) −0.366*** (0.137) −0.314** (0.145)
Uninsured −0.310 (0.366) −0.823*** (0.087) −0.828*** (0.082) −0.702*** (0.162)
Not-for-profit*Uninsured 0.120 (0.368) 0.742*** (0.098) 0.750*** (0.094) 0.616*** (0.166)
Government*Uninsured 0.274 (0.371) 0.740*** (0.126) 0.746*** (0.122) 0.664*** (0.174)
System −0.248 (0.179) −0.342*** (0.120) −0.309*** (0.113) −0.156 (0.127)
System*Uninsured 0.133 (0.368) 0.748*** (0.118) 0.752*** (0.115) 0.611*** (0.174)
System*Not-for-profit 0.245 (0.183) 0.213 (0.131) 0.187 (0.126) 0.098 (0.138)
System*Government 0.078 (0.231) 0.559*** (0.175) 0.533*** (0.170) −0.116 (0.183)
System*Not-for-profit*Uninsured −0.096 (0.371) −0.726*** (0.135) −0.734*** (0.133) −0.612*** (0.183)
System*Government*Uninsured 0.189 (0.419) −0.648*** (0.154) −0.653*** (0.151) −0.406* (0.220)
High for-profit competition 0.259*** (0.051) −0.315* (0.165) −0.265* (0.157) −0.294* (0.169)
Medium for-profit competition 0.184*** (0.032)    
High not-for-profit competition 0.043 (0.064)    
Medium not-for-profit competition 0.017 (0.046)    
High government competition 0.021 (0.057)    
Medium government competition 0.056 (0.039)    
High total competition −0.257 (0.185) 0.059 (0.043)   
Medium total competition   0.061* (0.037)   
High competition* Not-for-profit 0.372** (0.190) 0.432*** (0.165) 0.392** (0.159) 0.502*** (0.174)
High competition* Government 0.188 (0.245) 0.463** (0.215) 0.421** (0.210) 0.616*** (0.233)
High competition* Uninsured 0.134 (0.401) 0.584*** (0.172) 0.593*** (0.170) 0.615*** (0.196)
High competition* Not-for-profit*Uninsured −0.068 (0.407) −0.532*** (0.194) −0.542*** (0.193) −0.595*** (0.222)
High competition* Government*Uninsured −0.222 (0.420) −0.647*** (0.200) −0.654*** (0.197) −0.752*** (0.222)
System*High competition 0.203 (0.197) 0.368** (0.171) 0.330** (0.167) 0.266 (0.178)
System*High competition* Not-for-profit −0.362* (0.207) −0.203 (0.187) −0.162 (0.182) −0.350* (0.199)
System*High competition* Government 0.466 (0.303) −0.285 (0.284) −0.241 (0.280) 0.187 (0.288)
System*High competition* Uninsured −0.207 (0.410) −0.680*** (0.190) −0.689*** (0.189) −0.713*** (0.208)
System*High competition* Not-for-profit*Uninsured 0.218 (0.418) 0.550** (0.219) 0.560** (0.220) 0.655*** (0.242)
System*High competition* Government*Uninsured −0.073 (0.473) 0.652*** (0.228) 0.658*** (0.227) 0.626** (0.266)
Number of observations 51,752,777 52,103,007 52,103,007 51,837,255
  1. aTotal competition measured at hospital-ccs level
  2. bFor-profit competition measured at hospital-ccs level
  3. cFor-profit competition measured at the hospital level
  4. Notes. Year and state fixed effects, age category indicators, weighted Charlson indices, female and race indicators, bed size categories, number of nurses per bed, teaching and metropolitan indicators and target ccs DRG interaction indicators are included as controls in the regressions. Heteroscedasticity robust standard errors clustered at the hospital level are reported in parentheses. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1
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