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Table 5 Odds ratios of according the procedure by (a) patient insurance status, (b) hospital ownership type, (c) system membership, and (d) the level of for-profit competition faced by the hospital

From: What drives different treatment choices? Investigation of hospital ownership, system membership and competition

(a) Uninsured/Insured Not-for-profit For-profit Government
HFC System member 0.87*** (0.81, 0.93) 0.84*** (0.80, 0.89) 0.93 (0.81, 1.06)
System nonmember 0.97 (0.84, 1.13) 0.79 (0.59, 1.06) 0.87*** (0.79, 0.95)
LFC System member 0.94 (0.86, 1.03) 0.93 (0.79, 1.08) 1.02 (0.94, 1.10)
System nonmember 0.92* (0.84, 1.01) 0.44*** (0.37, 0.51) 0.92 (0.77, 1.10)
(b) Not-for-profit/
For-profit
Government/
For-profit
Not-for-profit/
Government
HFC System member Insured 1.08 (0.97, 1.20) 1.42* (0.98, 2.04) 0.76 (0.53, 1.10)
Uninsured 1.12* (0.98, 1.28) 1.56*** (1.13, 2.15) 0.72** (0.52, 1.00)
System nonmember Insured 1.05 (0.82, 1.36) 1.06 (0.76, 1.47) 1.00 (0.77, 1.29)
Uninsured 1.30 (0.92, 1.83) 1.16 (0.83, 1.63) 1.12 (0.85, 1.48)
LFC System member Insured 0.86* (0.74, 1.00) 1.18 (0.95, 1.47) 0.73*** (0.60, 0.87)
Uninsured 0.87 (0.68, 1.11) 1.30* (0.97, 1.73) 0.67*** (0.53, 0.85)
System nonmember Insured 0.71*** (0.59, 0.85) 0.69*** (0.53, 0.91) 1.03 (0.82, 1.28)
Uninsured 1.51*** (1.25, 1.82) 1.46*** (1.10, 1.95) 1.03 (0.78, 1.36)
(c) System member/Nonmember Not-for-profit For-profit Government
HFC Insured 1.05 (0.91, 1.20) 1.02 (0.80, 1.30) 1.37 (0.89, 2.10)
Uninsured 0.94 (0.74, 1.18) 1.09 (0.82, 1.45) 1.46** (1.01, 2.11)
LFC Insured 0.88** (0.80, 0.98) 0.73*** (0.59, 0.92) 1.25* (0.97, 1.61)
Uninsured 0.90 (0.76, 1.07) 1.56*** (1.20, 2.02) 1.38** (1.01, 1.88)
(d) HFC/LFC System member System nonmember
Insured Uninsured Insured Uninsured
Not-for-profit 1.34*** (1.19, 1.52) 1.24** (1.05, 1.47) 1.14 (0.96, 1.35) 1.19 (0.93, 1.53)
For-profit 1.07 (0.91, 1.25) 0.97 (0.77, 1.22) 0.77* (0.56, 1.04) 1.39* (0.99, 1.95)
Government 1.28 (0.91, 1.80) 1.16 (0.86, 1.57) 1.17 (0.86, 1.58) 1.10 (0.80, 1.51)
  1. Notes. Tests are performed using estimation results of Table 4, specification VII. HFC and LFC denote facing high for-profit competition and low for-profit competition respectively. 95% confidence intervals of the odds ratios are reported in parentheses. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1
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