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Table 2 Classification of the indicators used and their descriptive statistical characteristics

From: Health system efficiency in OECD countries: dynamic network DEA approach

  2000 2008 2016
Indicator Definition Avg / Min / Max Avg / Min / Max Avg / Min / Max
Public health sub-division
Inputs
  Alcohol consumption Annual alcohol consumption in litres per capita aged 15 years and older 9.5 / 1.5 / 14.2 9.7 / 1.5 / 14.2 8.9 / 1.3 / 13.2
  Tobacco consumption Annual consumption in grams of tobacco products (e.g. cigarettes, cigars, ...) per capita aged 15 years and over 26.1 / 12.4 / 35.0 22.1 / 10.8 / 39.7 18.6 / 7.6 / 27.3
Output
  Health-adjusted life expectancy The average number of years that a person is expected to live in good health by taking into account years lived in less than full health due to disease and/or injury 68.0 / 60.6 / 72.5 70.1 / 64.4 / 73.8 71.1 / 66.0 / 74.8
Links to medical care sub-division
  Immunisation Percentage of children under 1 year of age who were vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough in that year 92.9 / 78.0 / 99.0 95.2 / 80.0 / 99.0 95.4 / 87.0 / 99.0
  Breast cancer screening Number of women aged 50–69 years who have undergone mammography in the last 2 years / number of women aged 50–69 years who answered survey questions 51.7 / 0.9 / 88.1 57.6 / 9.6 / 89.7 60.2 / 18.1 / 90.4
  Cervical cancer screening Number of women aged 20–69 years examined in the last 3 years / number of women aged 20–69 years who answered survey questions 56.1 / 6.3 / 90.6 59.9 / 14.9 / 85.9 61.9 / 18.2 / 86.6
Carry-over
  Infant mortality Number of deaths of children under 1 year of age, calculated per 1000 births 6.8 / 3.0 / 28.4 4.6 / 1.8 / 15.7 3.9 / 0.7 / 12.1
Medical care sub-division
Inputs
  Medical technology Number of computer tomography devices per 1000,000 inhabitants 16.1 / 2.5 / 92.6 21.2 / 4.0 / 97.0 25.9 / 6.1 / 107.2
  Employment in healthcare Total number of doctors and nurses in health care calculated per 1000 inhabitants 10.0 / 2.3 / 16.7 11.3 / 2.7 / 18.5 12.5 / 3.8 / 22.0
Outputs
  Inpatient discharges The average number of hospital discharges per 100,000 population for all diagnostic diseases 15,982.3 / 4016.6 / 25,933.3 16,105.1 / 4603.5 / 28,114.5 15,816.7 / 4617.2 / 25,685.9
  Consultations Average number of consultations per physician per capita 6.2 / 2.4 / 14.8 6.5 / 2.8 / 13.2 6.8 / 2.8 / 17.0
Carry-over
  Incidence of cancer New cancer cases recalculated to 100,000 inhabitants 277.9 / 91.0 / 420.0 259.9 / 128.4 / 321.1 269.3 / 131.5 / 338.1
  1. Source: Prepared by authors