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Table 2 Impact on study hospital budget

From: Hospitalization budget impact during the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain

Cost in € 2020
Items ER cohort* SARS-CoV-2-positive cohort SARS-CoV-2-negative cohort
Diagnostic tests
 RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2 47,855.80 25,673.99 20,888,41
 Complete blood count 3745.74 1949,48
 Laboratory test† 19,075.58 10,745.74 5574.59
 Coagulation† 25,264.79 13,130.77
 Microbiology‡ 169.44 1279.36
 Blood gas analysis 12,287.42 6606.97
 D dimer 8620.25 4255.46
 C-reactive protein 7481.50 3861.00
 Ferritin 5758.36 3173.56
 Procalcitonin 21,370.62 12,017.19
 Troponin 12,613.64 6835.14
 Interleukin 6   327.00 1918.40
 ICU tests 43,775.00 0.00
Total test costs 66,931.38 177,359.34 81,490.33
Drugs
 Antivirals 10,034.86 691.36
 Corticosteroids 1007.80 192.20
 Tocilizumab 27,212.75 0.00
 Others, anti-inflammatory 5115.51 53.44
 Low-molecular-weight heparins 6272.06 1123.29
 Antibiotics§ 2868.16 1795.92
 Mucolytics 383.74 81.40
 ACE inhibitors/ARBs   64.10 18.99
 Beta-blockers 29.21 8.95
 Calcium antagonists 19.88 4.38
 Alpha-blockers 19.08 6.84
 Diuretics 7.92 1.74
 Statins 19.76 5.37
 Proton pump inhibitors 285.22 87.36
 Analgesics 219.10 44.15
 Antithrombotics 0 195.52
 Drugs in ICU 30,519.30 0.00
Total drug costs 0.00 84,078.45 4310.91
Imaging tests
 Chest X-ray, portable 36,533.58 73,108.77 26,880.06
 Computed tomography angiography 0.00 53,095.50 84,952.80
Total imaging costs 36,533.58 126,204.27 111,832.86
Hospitalization
 Medical visits 5,933,775.37 1951,26
 Nursing hours 6,095,260.01 2004,36
 ER stays 166,492,90
 Hospitalization stays 1,570,847.58 350,648.36
 Medical visits, ICU 103,660.58 0.00
 Nursing hours, ICU 255,555.95 0.00
 ICU stays§§ 464,198.60 0.00
Total hospitalization costs 166,492,90 14,423,298.09 354,648.36
TOTAL
 TOTAL cost 269,957.86 14,810,940.15 552,282.36
 Cost / patient 307.47 58,310.79 1709.85
  1. ACE, angiotensin-converting enzyme; ARBs, angiotensin II receptor blockers; ICU, intensive care unit; RT-PCR, real-time polymerase chain reaction; SARS-CoV-2, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
  2. * Emergency room blood tests include complete blood count, biochemical profile, and coagulation test. Drugs are included as general care costs in the ER
  3. ** Includes glycemia, cholesterol, triglycerides, potassium, sodium, albumin, total protein, GPT, GOT, GGT, CPK, LDH, calcium, magnesium, phosphate, transferrin, creatinine, urea, and bilirubin
  4. † Includes: prothrombin time, APTT, and fibrinogen
  5. ‡ Includes blood culture, sputum culture, and tests for respiratory viruses (adenovirus, coronavirus, Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome, metapneumovirus, rhinovirus, enterovirus, influenza A, influenza B, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial virus, Bordetella pertussis, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae)
  6. § Includes amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, vancomycin, ceftriaxone, linezolid, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, ciprofloxacin, piperacillin/tazobactam, imipenem, meropenem, ertapenem, daptomycin, and ceftoriden
  7. §§ In the ICU, daily blood test and blood gas analysis