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Table 1 Respondent characteristics

From: Forgone healthcare and financial burden due to out-of-pocket payments in Bangladesh: a multilevel analysis

Variables Frequency Values 95% confidence interval
Lower Upper
Mean (95% CI)
 Household size 39,124 4.51 4.45 4.56
 Age, years 39,124 27.53 27.12 27.93
 OOP payments (BD TK) 39,124 12,362.17 11,724.55 12,999.78
Percentage (95% CI)
 Gender
  Female 21,248 54.36 53.69 55.04
  Male 17,875 45.64 44.96 46.31
 Religion
  Muslim 34,758 90.10 88.29 91.65
  Non-Muslim 4363 9.90 8.35 11.71
 Marital status
  Never married 10,934 34.27 33.26 35.30
  Currently married 19,930 58.88 57.86 59.88
  Widoweda 2277 6.85 6.46 7.27
 Have chronic illness
  Yes 12,004 29.00 27.85 30.18
  No 27,120 71.00 69.82 72.15
Inpatient care
 None 37,312 95.56 95.06 96.01
 Public hospital/clinic 1099 2.58 2.27 2.94
 Private providers 713 1.86 1.63 2.12
Outpatient care
 None 4631 14.08 12.30 16.08
 Public hospital/clinic 5214 12.47 11.67 13.31
 Private hospital/clinic 16,396 41.34 39.39 43.33
 Self-medicationb 12,883 32.11 30.63 33.62
 Income earner
  No 25,490 72.37 71.57 73.16
  Yes 9940 27.63 26.84 28.43
 Place of residence
  rural 27,712 74.10 71.54 76.51
  urban 11,412 25.90 23.49 28.46
  1. aWidowed/Divorced/Separated
  2. bSelf-medication/traditional healer
  3. BD TK Bangladesh currency Taka