Skip to main content

Table 2 Summary statistics of variables in urban and rural households

From: The comparison of catastrophic health expenditure and its inequality between urban and rural households in China

Variables 2012 2014
Urban households Rural households Urban households Rural households
  Mean(N) S.D. (%) Mean(N) S.D. (%) Mean(N) S.D. (%) Mean(N) S.D. (%)
Sample size 2761 100% 3599 100% 2761 100% 3599 100%
Household expenditure (Yuan) 45,150 54,696 30,879 32,972 53,849 53,201 33,829 41,199
OOP medical expenditure (Yuan) 3488 10,495 3581 11,904 4670 15,460 4273 12,341
Food household expenditure (Yuan) 16,911 14,396 13,060 12,070 20,034 14,869 10,084 9770
Income (Yuan) 16,721 22,577 9412 13,186 19,515 32,466 10,190 18,559
Lnincome 9.23 1.14 8.64 1.16 9.39 1.09 8.68 1.21
Household size 3.60 1.54 4.21 1.82 3.59 1.60 4.18 1.83
Inpatient
 Yes 649 23.51 883 24.53 786 28.47 1000 27.79
 Noa 2112 76.49 2716 75.47 1975 71.53 2599 72.21
Elderly members
 Yes 998 36.15 1360 37.79 1225 44.37 1703 47.32
 Noa 1763 63.85 2239 62.21 1536 55.63 1896 52.68
Chronic diseases
 Yes 793 28.72 977 27.15 1053 38.14 1284 35.68
 Noa 1968 71.28 2622 72.85 1708 61.86 2315 64.32
Supplementary medical insurance
 Yes 71 2.57 47 1.31 125 4.53 50 1.39
 Noa 2690 97.43 3552 98.69 2636 95.47 3549 98.61
Geographic location
 Easta 1370 49.62 1260 35.01 1370 49.62 1260 35.01
 Central 902 32.67 1058 29.40 902 32.67 1058 29.40
 West 489 17.71 1281 35.59 489 17.71 1281 35.59
Gender of household head
 Femalea 1450 52.52 1442 40.07 1482 53.68 1493 41.48
 Male 1311 47.48 2157 59.93 1279 46.32 2106 58.52
Age 49.78 12.99 49.60 12.18 51.33 12.75 51.37 12.06
Age square 2647.14 1334.76 2608.19 1224.73 2797.86 1349.55 2783.98 1254.45
Education of household head
 Illiteratea 468 16.95 1227 34.09 467 16.91 1220 33.90
 Primary school 523 18.94 1007 27.98 515 18.65 1030 28.62
 Middle school 883 31.98 981 27.26 880 31.87 977 27.15
 High school and above 887 32.13 384 10.67 899 32.56 372 10.34
Marriage of household head
 Married 2450 88.74 3281 91.16 2420 87.65 3262 90.64
 Unmarrieda 311 11.26 318 8.84 341 12.35 337 9.36
Employment status of household head
 Employed 1773 64.22 3115 86.55 1801 65.23 3136 87.14
 Unemployeda 988 35.78 484 13.45 960 34.77 463 12.86
Self-assessed health status of household head
 Healthy 1663 60.23 2085 57.93 1865 67.55 2280 63.35
 Unhealthya 1098 39.77 1514 42.07 896 32.45 1319 36.65
Smoking
 Yes 776 28.11 1472 40.90 738 26.73 1372 38.12
 Noa 1985 71.89 2127 59.10 2023 73.27 2227 61.88
Drinking
 Yes 474 17.17 672 18.67 438 15.86 677 18.81
 Noa 2287 82.83 2927 81.33 2323 84.14 2922 81.19
Variables 2016 2018
Urban households Rural households Urban households Rural households
Mean(N) S.D. (%) Mean(N) S.D. (%) Mean(N) S.D. (%) Mean(N) S.D. (%)
Sample size 2761 100% 3599 100% 2761 100% 3599 100%
Household expenditure (Yuan) 65,048 106,127 36,853 44,010 63,918 63,518 37,587 40,074
OOP medical expenditure (Yuan) 5517 17,708 4912 17,525 5234 12,473 4901 11,932
Food household expenditure (Yuan) 21,873 19,667 10,674 11,175 23,003 17,268 11,166 12,336
Income (Yuan) 27,401 60,884 12,937 66,828 32,762 62,048 13,758 17,529
Lnincome 9.72 0.95 8.97 0.93 9.96 0.93 9.12 0.94
Household size 3.59 1.65 4.16 1.93 3.51 1.72 3.97 1.92
Inpatient
 Yes 844 30.57 1107 30.76 878 31.80 1214 33.73
 Noa 1917 69.43 2492 69.24 1883 68.20 2385 66.27
Elderly members
 Yes 1330 48.17 1835 50.99 1451 52.55 2023 56.21
 Noa 1431 51.83 1764 49.01 1310 47.45 1576 43.79
Chronic diseases
 Yes 1026 37.16 1315 36.54 993 35.97 1369 38.04
 Noa 1735 62.84 2284 63.46 1768 64.03 2230 61.96
Supplementary medical insurance
 Yes 157 5.69 105 2.92 137 4.96 84 2.33
 Noa 2604 94.31 3494 97.08 2624 95.04 3515 97.67
Geographic location
 Easta 1369 49.58 1260 35.01 1372 49.69 1259 34.98
 Central 904 32.74 1058 29.40 902 32.67 1057 29.37
 West 488 17.67 1281 35.59 487 17.64 1283 35.65
Gender of household head
 Femalea 1499 54.29 1550 43.07 1456 52.73 1564 43.46
 Male 1262 45.71 2049 56.93 1305 47.27 2035 56.54
Age 53.08 12.97 52.78 12.42 54.65 12.96 54.52 12.41
Age square 2986.08 1410.88 2940.31 1318.79 3154.92 1452.19 3126.48 1356.12
Education of household head
 Illiteratea 451 16.33 1184 32.90 401 14.52 1132 31.45
 Primary school 541 19.59 1041 28.92 508 18.40 1006 27.95
 Middle school 854 30.93 971 26.98 881 31.91 1056 29.34
 High school and above 915 33.14 403 11.20 971 35.17 405 11.25
Marriage of household head
 Married 2389 86.53 3206 89.08 2362 85.55 3136 87.14
 Unmarrieda 372 13.47 393 10.92 399 14.45 463 12.86
Employment status of household head
 Employed 1747 63.27 3085 85.72 1710 61.93 3017 83.83
 Unemployeda 1014 36.73 514 14.28 1051 38.07 582 16.17
Self-assessed health status of household head
 Healthy 1694 61.35 2148 59.68 1811 65.59 2225 61.82
 Unhealthya 1067 38.65 1451 40.32 950 34.41 1374 38.18
Smoking
 Yes 716 25.93 1280 35.57 721 26.11 1324 36.79
 Noa 2045 74.07 2319 64.43 2040 73.89 2275 63.21
Drinking
 Yes 445 16.12 645 17.92 456 16.52 610 16.95
 Noa 2316 83.88 2954 82.08 2305 83.48 2989 83.05
  1. Note: a Reference group; OOP medical expenditure = out-of-pocket medical expenditure