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Table 4 Marginal effect of each variable associated with CHE incidence

From: The comparison of catastrophic health expenditure and its inequality between urban and rural households in China

Variables Urban households Rural households
dy/dxb Std. Err. dy/dxb Std. Err.
Lagged CHE 0.0567** 0.0119 0.1144* 0.0567
Lnincome − 0.0270** 0.0033 − 0.0179* 0.0079
Household size −0.0142** 0.0022 −0.0221* 0.0090
Inpatient, yes 0.1153** 0.0068 0.1458* 0.0607
Elderly members, yes 0.0117 0.0087 0.0276* 0.0135
Chronic diseases, yes 0.0241** 0.0070 0.0306* 0.0143
Supplementary medical insurance, yes −0.0547** 0.0187 −0.0441 0.0315
Geographic location
 Easta
  Central 0.0013 0.0078 −0.0132 0.0099
  West −0.0188 0.0097 −0.0208 0.0120
  Gender of household head, male 0.0128 0.0084 0.0117 0.0098
  Age 0.0001 0.0018 −0.0023 0.0021
  Age square 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001* 0.0001
Education of household head
 Illiteratea
  Primary school −0.0083 0.0103 −0.0198 0.0116
  Middle school −0.0290** 0.0100 −0.0298* 0.0151
  High school and above −0.0343** 0.0109 −0.0270 0.0163
Marriage of household head, married −0.0033 0.0097 0.0183 0.0130
Employment status of household head, employed −0.0167* 0.0078 −0.0344* 0.0166
Self-assessed health status of household head, healthy −0.0447** 0.0069 −0.0552* 0.0238
Smoking, yes −0.0082 0.0091 0.0004 0.0085
Drinking, yes −0.0209* 0.0102 −0.0287 0.0150
  1. Note: a Reference group; b Marginal effect; * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01